BUFFALO wrote:James S Saint wrote: It finally (after 130 years) came down to being stated as a "TENDENCY" (but still not a theory). And that is how it is stated now.
Mr. Saint, would you care to quote a single reference to a thermodynamics textbook or even an article from a reputable science journal that supports the proposition that the 2nd Law has been demoted to a "tendency".
It's exactly like saying quantum mechanics is useless because it uses probability not classical mechanics. James has a problem with quantum mechanics as well. He's kind of like a 21st century Luddite when it comes to anything that isn't exactly pictorial of reality, and hence any interpretation which innately has to arm wave because of the nature of it is nonsense in his text book. Tendency is actually not that damaging a term in quantum mechanics especially, as everything is technically a tendency, eg the chance of an electron occupying n orbital shells. Only James thinks it's an insult.
No matter how useful a theory is it should stop being philosophical right now, this is Science!